By Shlomo Izre'el
Through the moment millenium BCE, Akkadian served because the lingua franca of the traditional close to East. an in depth physique of epistolographic texts written during this language was once chanced on at inform el-Amarna, the fashionable identify for the traditional seat of presidency of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenophis IV (Akhenaton). the vast majority of the Amarna letters have been despatched to Egypt by means of the rulers of Canaanite towns which, on the time, have been a part of the Egyptian empire. whereas the traditional language of correspondence was once nominally Akkadian, by means of the Amarna interval, i.e., the 14th century BCE, the Canaanite management had built one of those combined language. This language, or quite, linguistic continuum comprising many types, used to be established upon the lexicon of Akkadian, with critical structural interference from the scribes' fundamental languages, i.e., the spectrum of West Semitic dialects spoken in Canaan. because of this language touch, all degrees of the linguistic constitution have been affected, specifically within the domain names of syntax and morphology, making a marked similarity among this combined Canaano-Akkadian diplomatic language and the indigenous West Semitic Canaanite dialects. considering we don't own any great written list of the Canaanite dialects sooner than the 1st millennium BCE, the Amarna letters from Canaan are our merely resource of data in regards to the linguistic constitution of the dialects spoken in Canaan within the moment millenium BCE. The Amarna letters yield linguistic, sociolinguistic and linguistic-cultural fabric that predates either Phoenician and Hebrew as we all know them from the written files of the 1st millenium BCE. The survey provided in LW/M, which sketches a concise version of the linguistic approach embodied by way of this corpus, lays detailed pressure at the interference among Akkadian and the West Semitic languages, which ended in the Canaano-Akkadian combined languages and linguistic types.