By Sarah Graham
J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher within the Rye (1951) is a twentieth-century vintage. regardless of being essentially the most often banned books in the United States, generations of readers have pointed out with the narrator, Holden Caulfield, an indignant younger guy who articulates the confusion, cynicism and vulnerability of early life with humour and sincerity.
This advisor to Salinger’s provocative novel offers:
- an available advent to the textual content and contexts of The Catcher within the Rye
- a critical heritage, surveying the various interpretations of the textual content from e-book to the present
- a choice of new severe essays at the The Catcher within the Rye, via Sally Robinson, Renee R. Curry, Denis Jonnes, Livia Hekanaho and Clive Baldwin, offering various views at the novel and lengthening the assurance of key serious methods pointed out within the survey section
- cross-references among sections of the advisor, with the intention to recommend hyperlinks among texts, contexts and criticism
- suggestions for extra reading.
Part of the Routledge publications to Literature sequence, this quantity is key interpreting for all these starting precise examine of The Catcher within the Rye and looking not just a consultant to the radical, yet a manner throughout the wealth of contextual and important fabric that surrounds Salinger’s text.
Read Online or Download J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye: A Routledge Study Guide (Routledge Guides to Literature) PDF
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Extra resources for J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye: A Routledge Study Guide (Routledge Guides to Literature)
Even if ‘hysteria’ is a situation often linked to girls, Holden additionally manifests ‘hysterical’ indicators relating to Allie’s loss of life, breaking the entire home windows within the storage (Ch. five, p. 34). Such similarities align Holden along with his mom. Holden’s relatives identify additionally connects him to the maternal in a manner that demanding situations the gender roles defined in modern discourses that inspired males to damage clear of the maternal and notice ladies as sexual items. Critics have mentioned that whereas Holden starts his tale via disassociating himself from ‘biographical’ fiction equivalent to David Copperfield (1849–50), his identify and different elements of The Catcher within the Rye in reality attach him to Charles Dickens’s novel, first, within the ‘field’ that Caulfield and Copperfield percentage, but additionally within the ‘caul’, that is a membrane from the womb which occasionally covers a baby’s head whilst it really is born. 12 David Copperfield tells us that he was once born with a caul, that's thought of to be an indication of fine success. thirteen I recommend, even though, that Holden’s ‘caul’ may well extra importantly characterize his connection to the maternal. 12 See Robert F. Fleissner, ‘Salinger’s Caulfield: A Refraction of Copperfield and His Caul’, in Names, Titles, and Characters by way of Literary Writers: Shakespeare, nineteenth- and 20th-century Authors. stories in Onomastics, Vol. II. Lewiston, new york: Edwin Mellen Press, 2001, pp. 177–80. thirteen Charles Dickens, David Copperfield, London and Glasgow: Collins, n. d. , p. 7. 118 severe READINGS Phoebe additionally performs a maternal position when it comes to Holden. even though basically ten years previous, the illustration of Phoebe anticipates her grownup girl function. for instance, while she is even more youthful she is going out jogging with Holden and Allie, wearing white gloves, ‘like a woman and all’ (Ch. 10, p. 61). Holden additionally attributes to his little sister a capability to make grownup discriminations of style: he notes her choice for the movie The 39 Steps (Ch. 10, p. sixty one) and is convinced that she is going to get pleasure from the ‘Little Shirley Beans’ list he buys for her (Ch. sixteen, pp. 104–5). Projecting onto Phoebe an grownup character implies that she will be able to be allotted the function of Holden’s judgment of right and wrong, a accountability usually imposed on ladies and moms. for this reason, it's Phoebe’s judgement of Holden that makes him suppose so much uncomfortable while she has confirmed that he has been expelled from Pencey (Ch. 22, pp. 150–1). Phoebe additionally offers motherly convenience while Holden breaks down instantly after having hidden within the cabinet (Ch. 23, pp. 161–2). in addition, Phoebe takes an grownup function whilst she presents Holden with funds and locations her arm round his neck, metaphorically providing him the reassuring hand he known as for from his mom whilst he was once being silly with Ackley. even if, if Phoebe’s maternal courting with Holden turns out basically to verify gender conventions, her interplay together with her brother additionally unearths Holden’s personal maternal impulses. Like a mom, he feels ‘swell’ and contented for the 1st time within the novel whilst he sits looking at her sleep (Ch.